In New Book, Former Pope Benedict XVI Says Marriage Equality “Absurd,” Linked to Antichrist

Former Pope Benedict XVI

Former Pope Benedict XVI has claimed that marriage equality would have been an “absurd” idea a century ago, but to deny it leads to a social excommunication today. He continued that equal marriage rights, alongside abortion and reproductive technologies are of the Antichrist.

The former pope’s comments were published in a new authorized German biography, Benedict XVI: The Biography: Volume One, by the journalist Peter Seewald. The comments were reportedly from a conversation the two men had in 2018. PinkNews reported the relevant quotes by Benedict in the book (using a translation from the German):

“100 years ago, everybody would have considered it to be absurd to speak of a homosexual marriage. Today, one is being excommunicated by society if one opposes it.”

In another section, the pope condemned “the creation of human beings in the laboratory,” adding: “Modern society is in the middle of formulating an anti-Christian creed, and if one opposes it, one is being punished by society with excommunication.

“‘The fear of this spiritual power of the Antichrist is then only more than natural, and it really needs the help of prayers on the part of an entire diocese and of the Universal Church in order to resist it.'”

The National Catholic Reporter’s coverage added that Benedict XVI suggested there were “reasons why people just want to switch off my voice,” while denying he had challenged Pope Francis or intervened in ecclesial debates since his resignation. The biography further revealed that the former pope had written a “spiritual testament” to be released after his death, claimed he did not resign over Vatican corruption, and defended that resignation and his creation of a new position as pope emeritus.

The claim that Benedict has not been a vocal participant in ecclesial politics is dubious given his repeated interviews and writings, including a rambling 2019 letter in which he blamed “homosexual cliques” for the clergy sexual abuse crisis. Theologians described the letter as “embarrassing” and “deeply flawed” among other harsh critiques.

LGBTQ advocates and theologians have pushed back against Benedict XVI’s latest comments in Seewald’s book. Francis DeBernardo, executive director of New Ways Ministry, told Gay City News:

“‘A century ago, people would have thought it to be absurd to talk about traveling to the moon and beyond, about a vaccine for polio, and about carrying telephones that serve as small computers in our pockets. . .Times and human understanding change. . .Even within the Church, Pope Benedict’s ideas of equating culture war topics with extreme language like ‘antichrist’ are vanishing. . .Pope Benedict’s thoughts belong to an era of the Catholic Church which is nearing its end.'”

Aaron Bianco, a gay church worker forced to resign from his parish job after being attacked by right wing groups, commented:

“‘Once again, the former pontiff Benedict has gone against his word and put himself in the public eye in this new book being released. . .For so many LGBT members of the Church who want so desperately to belong to their rightful home and fight for a seat at the table, Benedict again knocks them down. . .The gospel message of inclusion and love is so predominant in Jesus’ teaching. Why Benedict can’t see this is a shame. Benedict would be best to do as he said he would and keep quiet.'”

Felix Neumann, an editor for, the German bishops’ news outlet, offered the following in an op-ed on that website. Neumann cited the opening words of Vatican II’s document on “The Church in the Modern World” (also known by its Latin title Gaudium et Spes) which opens with these words, “The joys and the hopes, the griefs and the anxieties of the people of this age, especially those who are poor or in any way afflicted, these are the joys and hopes, the griefs and anxieties of the followers of Christ.”  The pope, as the young theologian Joseph Ratzinger, was an influential figure at the Council, even as his views distanced from the meeting’s spirit over time. Neumann sensed the pope now has a mind “which cannot deal with contradiction,” evident from his comments on homosexuality. He continued:

“100 years ago, everyone found it absurd to speak of gay marriage, the former Pope put on record – as if it were an argument and not just relativism that glorifies the zeitgeist of a bygone era: Fortunately, not all is what it was 100 years ago.

“That it is becoming increasingly difficult to defame love between people of the same sex as unnatural or immoral, at least in some parts of the world, is a social change that has nothing to do with an alleged ‘anti-Christian creed’ or an ideological ‘worldwide dictatorship’, especially since there is still some Christian and social persecution and suppression of homosexuals by some Christians. It has to do with an attitude that the Church has actually committed itself to with Gaudium et Spes, even if it still fails to deal with homosexuality in terms of dealing with people’s hope and sadness. Looking at the concrete person leads to social change, no sinister forces. This does not require any -isms, dictatorships, ideologies: anyone who claims such conspiracy myths obscures reality instead of confronting it. The Church is not threatened if it learns something from people’s lives, but [is threatened] if it is not willing to learn.”

At least one church observer has objected to the focus on the former pope’s anti-gay comments. Gerry O’Connell, who covers the Vatican for America, said in a podcast (as tweeted by America producer Colleen Dulle):

“Peter Seewald has written a book of 1,000 pages, and I think to reduce it to Benedict coming out on gay marriage, on abortion, et cetera, to make that the story would be, I think, really doing injustice to a book of that size.”

But the reality is it is not the media or LGBTQ people or the Catholic faithful who have zeroed in on the issue of homosexuality. It is Benedict himself who leads to such a reality. As a church leader, first as Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger, the longtime head of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, and then as Pope Benedict XVI, he painted LGBTQ people scapegoats and outcasts. It was Ratzinger who issued the 1986 letter “On the Pastoral Care of Homosexual Persons,” in which described a homosexual orientation as an “objective disorder.” He used his pulpit to make incendiary, repeated comments about marriage equality. And he issued the Vatican’s first condemnation of transgender people when he was pope in 2012.

In short, his career has been defined, in part, on his obsession with marginalizing LGBTQ people. So perhaps it is fitting indeed that a thousand-page book is distilled down to what hopefully is his parting shot against lesbian and gay people.

Robert Shine, New Ways Ministry, May 8, 2020

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5 replies
  1. Dooley
    Dooley says:

    Does Ratzinger think we care what he says? The great blessing about COVID-19 is that we no longer have to listen to Bishops and Priests. We now listen to God only.

  2. Richard Rosendall
    Richard Rosendall says:

    Robert Shine’s post here reminds me of a 2010 article in the London Review of Books by Colm Tóibín called “Among the Flutterers,” about Benedict’s obsessive suppression of homosexuality in the Church, his scapegoating of gay clergy for priestly sexual abuse of children that he himself helped cover up, and his own apparent closeted homosexual orientation that included his fondness for colorful, elaborate vestments and his closeness to his gorgeous private secretary, Georg Gänswein, whose name is as familiar to gay Catholics as the former Cardinal Ratzinger’s notorious 1986 letter to the Catholic bishops on “the Pastoral Care of Homosexuals.” My gay Catholic friends who follow Church politics have long talked about this in private as readily as many of us do about a rather obviously (to us) closeted member of the DC Council.

    The thing about His Former Holiness is that, as Robert notes, it is his own anti-gay obsession, not our noticing it, that diminished his papacy, along with his obsession over control and his choice to prioritize the Church’s reputation over the safety of children. His medieval, dogmatic rigidity, which contrasts so starkly with the pastoral openness of Pope Francis, prevents him from learning anything. Thus he states that anyone with his negative views regarding marriage equality faces social excommunication, in which case one wonders how he is continually given a platform for his obnoxious views. His projection of his own authoritarian bent upon a much more liberal society, and his portrayal of himself as a victim, turns the truth on its head in a way similar to that of the political right in America, the latest example of which is the insistence by racist murderers in southern Georgia that they acted in self defense despite having stalked an unarmed man whose only crimes were being black and defending himself.

    I was indeed enraged as a gay man in the fall of 1986 when I read Ratzinger’s vicious and slanderous pastoral letter, which I found no more persuasive than his insistent twaddle about our true conscience entirely and necessarily agreeing with his dictates. I am sorry, but if freedom of conscience does not include my right to disagree with a corrupt prelate who is in full flight from the modern world, then those saying so are tacitly rebuking the Almighty for having given us human brains rather than the brains of sheep. What the Church’s traditionalist bullies have in common with Trumpist thugs is a sense of entitlement that blinds them to their own responsibilities and to the worth of others unlike themselves. There is no point in talking about the community of the Church while erasing or rendering illegitimate those with a different perspective, any more than talking about America’s greatness while trashing its norms and portraying a diverse society as monochromatic. The fact remains that we are here and are standing up for ourselves, and those who are enraged at our existence only hurt what they claim to love.


Trackbacks & Pingbacks

  1. […] Pope Benedict XVI has repeatedly denounced relationships among same-sex couples, going as far as to link equal marriage rights to the Antichrist. Speaking of the marriage equality movement, he described it as “powerful political and […]

  2. […] members with dissenting views. Trump’s rants against reporters are little different from Benedict XVI’s insistence that marriage equality is from the Antichrist and his complaint that traditionalists […]

  3. […] members with dissenting views. Trump’s rants against reporters are little different from Benedict XVI’s insistence that marriage equality is from the Antichrist and his complaint that traditionalists […]

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