Reviewers Highlight Lessons for Catholics in New Conversion Therapy Film, “Boy Erased”
[Editor’s Note: While this post does not include spoilers, several of the linked reviews do.]
Boy Erased, a newly-released film about a gay teen’s experience with conversion therapy is “one of the most important films you will see this year,” wrote one reviewer who was not the only person reflecting on the film’s connections to Catholic theology.
Sr. Rose Pacatte reviewed Boy Erased for the National Catholic Reporter. The film follows the story of 18-year-old Jared Eamons and the “ex-gay therapy” he is forced to endure after being outed to his conservative, Christian parents. Pacatte commented on this destructive practice’s relationship to theology, a theme addressed in the memoir-based film:
“It is simply impossible ‘to pray away the gay’ and change a person by threatening hell and abandonment by God. . .The most intense event of the days Jared spends at The Refuge program is a mock funeral for a young man, Cameron (Britton Sear), who lapses. In front of a casket, with all the participants looking on, he is made to fall on his knees and bend over as Sykes, his parents and little sister, strike him with a Bible. The humiliation of it all brought me to tears. . .
“The theology on which gay conversion therapy is based is a perversion of everything Christianity stands for. It blames the family or nurture for homosexuality rather than exploring nature. In ‘Boy Erased,’ each participant must make a family tree chart and designate people as alcoholic, homosexual, someone who had an abortion, or other moral failing to figure out what caused them to be gay. Often it is a parent who is to blame, especially the father.”
Pacatte’s review included a specific note, indeed an exhortation, to parents with LGBT children, saying the film is “a wake-up call” for them to “be engaged in their children’s lives and love them unconditionally as God does.” She wrote:
“Boy Erased is a starting point for parents wondering what God is asking of them when they discover their child is LGBTQ. First, you love your child unconditionally and go from there. You don’t hurt them, or give them pain and suffering, so that ‘good’ (change of sexual orientation) may come of it, as the Refuge’s [ex-gay conversion program] homemade handbook dictates.”
Another reviewer, Chris Williams, S.J. of The Jesuit Post, also reflected on the theological connections in Boy Erased. He wrote that he left the theater “stunned because of the brutality of what happened” and with the troubling question about “whether it was possible that Catholic Church teaching or pastoral practice with LGBTQ people had contributed to the kind of violence depicted in Jared’s story.” Researching that question led Williams to conclude:
“In sum, the Catholic Church has had a troubling connection with conversion therapy over the past fifty years. Several of the individuals and organizations above have had powerful influence at least within the American Catholic Church, and probably beyond. . .
“I am not here to debate the Church’s moral teaching about homosexuality. And I am optimistic enough to believe that our Church leaders and many Catholics have no malicious intent toward homosexual people when they defend the language of ‘disorder.’
“But regardless of intention, the truth of the past is that this language and the ideas surrounding homosexuality in the Church have morphed into destructive messages of shame. These messages have lodged themselves deep in the hearts of LGBTQ children, teenagers, and adults and have caused mental illness, family abandonment, physical violence, and even suicide.”
Ciaran Freeman of America Magazine described Boy Erased as a “call to action,” noting a statement at the film’s end which reminds the audience that just 14 U.S. states have banned the abusive practice. He concluded:
“For things to begin to change we have to bear witness to injustice and listen to the stories of those abused and oppressed. ‘Boy Erased’ gives us the opportunity to do just that. Unfortunately, even in 2018, it is necessary viewing.”
Finally, a less positive, but still notable review comes from Peter Sheehan of the Australian Catholic Office for Film and Broadcasting [though a U.S. film, many of the stars, including Russell Crowe and Nicole Kidman, are Australian]. Posted on the Australian bishops’ official website, Sheehan used the language of “same-sex attraction” and provided a less critical description of “ex-gay” practices. Nonetheless, he commended the approach of “Boy Erased”:
“The film is fiercely critical of conversion therapy for its false assumptions and the ruthlessness of its treatment strategies. The film does not ridicule entirely those who believe homosexuality is a choice that cannot be reversed, and it expresses tolerance for the view that Christians can have homosexual feelings that can coexist with religious belief. The film also recognises that the convictions of Jared’s parent’s are valid to them. . .This film is a humanistic drama of considerable emotional force. It doesn’t answer all the questions it raises, but it cautions one against rushing to answer them unwisely, inhumanely, or unthinkingly.”
These reviewers each have pointed out important considerations for Catholics, given the Church’s ambivalent and sometimes complicit record when it comes to the practice. They encourage Catholics to bear witness, admit our failings, seek unity even when there is difference (but never compromise on health and safety), love LGBT people unconditionally, and, most of all, do no harm to other human beings.
It is estimated that some 700,000 people in the United States have been subjected to “ex-gay therapy,” which has roundly been condemned by LGBT groups, as well as high-profile medical and psychological associations. 36 states still allow the practice. In the midst of this suffering, there is an opportunity for Catholics. Many church leaders have suggested their desire to be in growing solidarity with LGBT communities. A forceful witness against a practice which at times borders on torture would do just that without needing to address sexual ethics and/or marriage rights. Bishops and pastors should use a little time this Advent to be moved sufferings of Jared Eamons and the thousands of LGBT youth he represents, stories which will hopefully propel these leaders to take a stand against “ex-gay therapy” and all the harm it does.
—Robert Shine, New Ways Ministry, December 5, 2018
Boy Erased: Peter Sheehan Review
Don E Siegal, Three Rivers CA
Sheehan: The film does not ridicule entirely those who believe homosexuality is a choice that cannot be reversed.
Author: It most certainly does. Especially from the point of view of the one really professional doctor who advised Jared. None of the people running the Refuge’s ex-gay conversion program had any qualifying counseling credentials.
Sheehan: (I)t expresses tolerance for the view that Christians can have homosexual feelings that can coexist with religious belief.
Author: In this sense, tolerance is an evil word because the denies the truth. Regardless, the second part if the statement is indeed true; LGBT people can and do have a strong Christian faith ethic.
Sheehan: The film also recognises that the convictions of Jared’s parent’s [sic] are valid to them…
Author: Good intentions no matter how noble cannot make an immoral act into a moral act.
Sheehan: This film is a humanistic drama of considerable emotional force. It doesn’t answer all the questions it raises, but it cautions one against rushing to answer them unwisely, inhumanely, or unthinkingly.
Author: This is the only redeeming statement in Sheehan’s review.
That commentary puts Sheehan’s perspective in, erm, perspective.
If only we would teach and live the teachings of Jesus which are love of God and each other.Acceptance of who we are,forgiveness,acceptance of the other,providing a good example without being judgental or critical.
Pope Francis should take time out (and the sooner the better) to watch this film and to reflect on it long and hard. Why? Because in recent years Francis supported Mexican bishops in a drive to prevent, in their country, a ban on so-called ‘Conversion Therapy’ for young people. Unfortunately for truth, justice (and, not least, for the welfare of these young people themselves), the bishops were successful.
Francis has been given extremely bad, and highly imbalanced, advice on this methodology, which has rightly been described as ‘torture’ ‘unchristian’ and ‘personally dehumanising’.
I should like to add an epithet to this list of disdain: ‘criminal’.
Hopefully, some time soon, the Law in Mexico (and elsewhere around the globe) will regard such ‘therapy’ in precisely this way.
“And I am optimistic enough to believe that our Church leaders and many Catholics have no malicious intent toward homosexual people when they defend the language of ‘disorder.’”
Dear God, please! Ignorant, intentionally uninformed, anti-science actions resulting in such violence are immoral. Herein, the “means” is divorced from the end. I am beyond exhausted by the mental gymnastics of the Roman Catholic Church. Angels dancing on the head of a pin.
I so wish there were an easier way to affirm your posts than leaving so much info.
Thanks, Bob, for a great essay on the reviews!👍🏽
I take issue with the Jesuit’s comment that some who defend the understanding of sexuality as “disordered” do not have malicious intent. There is a moral or ethical imperative to seek the truth and be informed. Those who hold on to the “disorder” belief are neither seeking truth nor “loving their neighbor.” – Especially those in Rome and those self absorbed in their clericalism.